- In this file:
- Religion and Science, New York Times Magazine, November 9, 1930
- Science and Religion I, Address: Princeton Theological Seminary, May 19, 1939
- Science and Religion II, Science, Philosophy and Religion, A Symposium, 1941
- Religion and Science: Irreconcilable? The Christian Register, June, 1948
The following article by Albert Einstein appeared in the New York Times Magazine on November 9, 1930 pp 1-4. It has been reprinted in Ideas and Opinions, Crown Publishers, Inc. 1954, pp 36 – 40. It also appears in Einstein’s book The World as I See It, Philosophical Library, New York, 1949, pp. 24 – 28.
Everything that the human race has done and thought is concerned with the satisfaction of deeply felt needs and the assuagement of pain. One has to keep this constantly in mind if one wishes to understand spiritual movements and their development. Feeling and longing are the motive force behind all human endeavor and human creation, in however exalted a guise the latter may present themselves to us. Now what are the feelings and needs that have led men to religious thought and belief in the widest sense of the words? A little consideration will suffice to show us that the most varying emotions preside over the birth of religious thought and experience. With primitive man it is above all fear that evokes religious notions – fear of hunger, wild beasts, sickness, death. Since at this stage of existence understanding of causal connections is usually poorly developed, the human mind creates illusory beings more or less analogous to itself on whose wills and actions these fearful happenings depend. Thus one tries to secure the favor of these beings by carrying out actions and offering sacrifices which, according to the tradition handed down from generation to generation, propitiate them or make them well disposed toward a mortal. In this sense I am speaking of a religion of fear. This, though not created, is in an important degree stabilized by the formation of a special priestly caste which sets itself up as a mediator between the people and the beings they fear, and erects a hegemony on this basis. In many cases a leader or ruler or a privileged class whose position rests on other factors combines priestly functions with its secular authority in order to make the latter more secure; or the political rulers and the priestly caste make common cause in their own interests.
The social impulses are another source of the crystallization of religion. Fathers and mothers and the leaders of larger human communities are mortal and fallible. The desire for guidance, love, and support prompts men to form the social or moral conception of God. This is the God of Providence, who protects, disposes, rewards, and punishes; the God who, according to the limits of the believer’s outlook, loves and cherishes the life of the tribe or of the human race, or even or life itself; the comforter in sorrow and unsatisfied longing; he who preserves the souls of the dead. This is the social or moral conception of God.
The Jewish scriptures admirably illustrate the development from the religion of fear to moral religion, a development continued in the New Testament. The religions of all civilized peoples, especially the peoples of the Orient, are primarily moral religions. The development from a religion of fear to moral religion is a great step in peoples’ lives. And yet, that primitive religions are based entirely on fear and the religions of civilized peoples purely on morality is a prejudice against which we must be on our guard. The truth is that all religions are a varying blend of both types, with this differentiation: that on the higher levels of social life the religion of morality predominates.
Common to all these types is the anthropomorphic character of their conception of God. In general, only individuals of exceptional endowments, and exceptionally high-minded communities, rise to any considerable extent above this level. But there is a third stage of religious experience which belongs to all of them, even though it is rarely found in a pure form: I shall call it cosmic religious feeling. It is very difficult to elucidate this feeling to anyone who is entirely without it, especially as there is no anthropomorphic conception of God corresponding to it.
The individual feels the futility of human desires and aims and the sublimity and marvelous order which reveal themselves both in nature and in the world of thought. Individual existence impresses him as a sort of prison and he wants to experience the universe as a single significant whole. The beginnings of cosmic religious feeling already appear at an early stage of development, e.g., in many of the Psalms of David and in some of the Prophets. Buddhism, as we have learned especially from the wonderful writings of Schopenhauer, contains a much stronger element of this.
The religious geniuses of all ages have been distinguished by this kind of religious feeling, which knows no dogma and no God conceived in man’s image; so that there can be no church whose central teachings are based on it. Hence it is precisely among the heretics of every age that we find men who were filled with this highest kind of religious feeling and were in many cases regarded by their contemporaries as atheists, sometimes also as saints. Looked at in this light, men like Democritus, Francis of Assisi, and Spinoza are closely akin to one another.
How can cosmic religious feeling be communicated from one person to another, if it can give rise to no definite notion of a God and no theology? In my view, it is the most important function of art and science to awaken this feeling and keep it alive in those who are receptive to it.
We thus arrive at a conception of the relation of science to religion very different from the usual one. When one views the matter historically, one is inclined to look upon science and religion as irreconcilable antagonists, and for a very obvious reason. The man who is thoroughly convinced of the universal operation of the law of causation cannot for a moment entertain the idea of a being who interferes in the course of events – provided, of course, that he takes the hypothesis of causality really seriously. He has no use for the religion of fear and equally little for social or moral religion. A God who rewards and punishes is inconceivable to him for the simple reason that a man’s actions are determined by necessity, external and internal, so that in God’s eyes he cannot be responsible, any more than an inanimate object is responsible for the motions it undergoes. Science has therefore been charged with undermining morality, but the charge is unjust. A man’s ethical behavior should be based effectually on sympathy, education, and social ties and needs; no religious basis is necessary. Man would indeed be in a poor way if he had to be restrained by fear of punishment and hopes of reward after death.
It is therefore easy to see why the churches have always fought science and persecuted its devotees.On the other hand, I maintain that the cosmic religious feeling is the strongest and noblest motive for scientific research. Only those who realize the immense efforts and, above all, the devotion without which pioneer work in theoretical science cannot be achieved are able to grasp the strength of the emotion out of which alone such work, remote as it is from the immediate realities of life, can issue. What a deep conviction of the rationality of the universe and what a yearning to understand, were it but a feeble reflection of the mind revealed in this world, Kepler and Newton must have had to enable them to spend years of solitary labor in disentangling the principles of celestial mechanics! Those whose acquaintance with scientific research is derived chiefly from its practical results easily develop a completely false notion of the mentality of the men who, surrounded by a skeptical world, have shown the way to kindred spirits scattered wide through the world and through the centuries. Only one who has devoted his life to similar ends can have a vivid realization of what has inspired these men and given them the strength to remain true to their purpose in spite of countless failures. It is cosmic religious feeling that gives a man such strength. A contemporary has said, not unjustly, that in this materialistic age of ours the serious scientific workers are the only profoundly religious people.
Science and Religion
This article appears in Einstein’s Ideas and Opinions, pp.41 – 49. The first section is taken from an address at Princeton Theological Seminary, May 19, 1939. It was published in Out of My Later Years, New York: Philosophical Library, 1950. The second section is from Science, Philosophy and Religion, A Symposium, published by the Conference on Science, Philosophy and Religion in Their Relation to the Democratic Way of Life, Inc., New York, 1941.
During the last century, and part of the one before, it was widely held that there was an unreconcilable conflict between knowledge and belief. The opinion prevailed among advanced minds that it was time that belief should be replaced increasingly by knowledge; belief that did not itself rest on knowledge was superstition, and as such had to be opposed. According to this conception, the sole function of education was to open the way to thinking and knowing, and the school, as the outstanding organ for the people’s education, must serve that end exclusively.
One will probably find but rarely, if at all, the rationalistic standpoint expressed in such crass form; for any sensible man would see at once how one-sided is such a statement of the position. But it is just as well to state a thesis starkly and nakedly, if one wants to clear up one’s mind as to its nature.
It is true that convictions can best be supported with experience and clear thinking. On this point one must agree unreservedly with the extreme rationalist. The weak point of his conception is, however, this, that those convictions which are necessary and determinant for our conduct and judgments cannot be found solely along this solid scientific way.
For the scientific method can teach us nothing else beyond how facts are related to, and conditioned by, each other. The aspiration toward such objective knowledge belongs to the highest of which man is capabIe, and you will certainly not suspect me of wishing to belittle the achievements and the heroic efforts of man in this sphere. Yet it is equally clear that knowledge of what is does not open the door directly to what should be. One can have the clearest and most complete knowledge of what is, and yet not be able to deduct from that what should be the goal of our human aspirations. Objective knowledge provides us with powerful instruments for the achievements of certain ends, but the ultimate goal itself and the longing to reach it must come from another source. And it is hardly necessary to argue for the view that our existence and our activity acquire meaning only by the setting up of such a goal and of corresponding values. The knowledge of truth as such is wonderful, but it is so little capable of acting as a guide that it cannot prove even the justification and the value of the aspiration toward that very knowledge of truth. Here we face, therefore, the limits of the purely rational conception of our existence.
But it must not be assumed that intelligent thinking can play no part in the formation of the goal and of ethical judgments. When someone realizes that for the achievement of an end certain means would be useful, the means itself becomes thereby an end. Intelligence makes clear to us the interrelation of means and ends. But mere thinking cannot give us a sense of the ultimate and fundamental ends. To make clear these fundamental ends and valuations, and to set them fast in the emotional life of the individual, seems to me precisely the most important function which religion has to perform in the social life of man. And if one asks whence derives the authority of such fundamental ends, since they cannot be stated and justified merely by reason, one can only answer: they exist in a healthy society as powerful traditions, which act upon the conduct and aspirations and judgments of the individuals; they are there, that is, as something living, without its being necessary to find justification for their existence. They come into being not through demonstration but through revelation, through the medium of powerful personalities. One must not attempt to justify them, but rather to sense their nature simply and clearly.
The highest principles for our aspirations and judgments are given to us in the Jewish-Christian religious tradition. It is a very high goal which, with our weak powers, we can reach only very inadequately, but which gives a sure foundation to our aspirations and valuations. If one were to take that goal out of its religious form and look merely at its purely human side, one might state it perhaps thus: free and responsible development of the individual, so that he may place his powers freely and gladly in the service of all mankind.
There is no room in this for the divinization of a nation, of a class, let alone of an individual. Are we not all children of one father, as it is said in religious language? Indeed, even the divinization of humanity, as an abstract totality, would not be in the spirit of that ideal. It is only to the individual that a soul is given. And the high destiny of the individual is to serve rather than to rule, or to impose himself in any other way.
If one looks at the substance rather than at the form, then one can take these words as expressing also the fundamental democratic position. The true democrat can worship his nation as little as can the man who is religious, in our sense of the term.
What, then, in all this, is the function of education and of the school? They should help the young person to grow up in such a spirit that these fundamental principles should be to him as the air which he breathes. Teaching alone cannot do that.
If one holds these high principles clearly before one’s eyes, and compares them with the life and spirit of our times, then it appears glaringly that civilized mankind finds itself at present in grave danger, In the totalitarian states it is the rulers themselves who strive actually to destroy that spirit of humanity. In less threatened parts it is nationalism and intolerance, as well as the oppression of the individuals by economic means, which threaten to choke these most precious traditions.
A realization of how great is the danger is spreading, however, among thinking people, and there is much search for means with which to meet the danger–means in the field of national and international politics, of legislation, or organization in general. Such efforts are, no doubt, greatly needed. Yet the ancients knew something- which we seem to have forgotten. All means prove but a blunt instrument, if they have not behind them a living spirit. But if the longing for the achievement of the goal is powerfully alive within us, then shall we not lack the strength to find the means for reaching the goal and for translating it into deeds.
It would not be difficult to come to an agreement as to what we understand by science. Science is the century-old endeavor to bring together by means of systematic thought the perceptible phenomena of this world into as thoroughgoing an association as possible. To put it boldly, it is the attempt at the posterior reconstruction of existence by the process of conceptualization. But when asking myself what religion is I cannot think of the answer so easily. And even after finding an answer which may satisfy me at this particular moment, I still remain convinced that I can never under any circumstances bring together, even to a slight extent, the thoughts of all those who have given this question serious consideration.
At first, then, instead of asking what religion is I should prefer to ask what characterizes the aspirations of a person who gives me the impression of being religious: a person who is religiously enlightened appears to me to be one who has, to the best of his ability, liberated himself from the fetters of his selfish desires and is preoccupied with thoughts, feelings, and aspirations to which he clings because of their superpersonalvalue. It seems to me that what is important is the force of this superpersonal content and the depth of the conviction concerning its overpowering meaningfulness, regardless of whether any attempt is made to unite this content with a divine Being, for otherwise it would not be possible to count Buddha and Spinoza as religious personalities. Accordingly, a religious person is devout in the sense that he has no doubt of the significance and loftiness of those superpersonal objects and goals which neither require nor are capable of rational foundation. They exist with the same necessity and matter-of-factness as he himself. In this sense religion is the age-old endeavor of mankind to become clearly and completely conscious of these values and goals and constantly to strengthen and extend their effect. If one conceives of religion and science according to these definitions then a conflict between them appears impossible. For science can only ascertain what is, but not what should be, and outside of its domain value judgments of all kinds remain necessary. Religion, on the other hand, deals only with evaluations of human thought and action: it cannot justifiably speak of facts and relationships between facts. According to this interpretation the well-known conflicts between religion and science in the past must all be ascribed to a misapprehension of the situation which has been described.
For example, a conflict arises when a religious community insists on the absolute truthfulness of all statements recorded in the Bible. This means an intervention on the part of religion into the sphere of science; this is where the struggle of the Church against the doctrines of Galileo and Darwin belongs. On the other hand, representatives of science have often made an attempt to arrive at fundamental judgments with respect to values and ends on the basis of scientific method, and in this way have set themselves in opposition to religion. These conflicts have all sprung from fatal errors.
Now, even though the realms of religion and science in themselves are clearly marked off from each other, nevertheless there exist between the two strong reciprocal relationships and dependencies. Though religion may be that which determines the goal, it has, nevertheless, learned from science, in the broadest sense, what means will contribute to the attainment of the goals it has set up. But science can only be created by those who are thoroughly imbued with the aspiration toward truth and understanding. This source of feeling, however, springs from the sphere of religion. To this there also belongs the faith in the possibility that the regulations valid for the world of existence are rational, that is, comprehensible to reason. I cannot conceive of a genuine scientist without that profound faith. The situation may be expressed by an image: science without religion is lame, religion without science is blind.
Though I have asserted above that in truth a legitimate conflict between religion and science cannot exist, I must nevertheless qualify this assertion once again on an essential point, with reference to the actual content of historical religions. This qualification has to do with the concept of God. During the youthful period of mankind’s spiritual evolution human fantasy created gods in man’s own image, who, by the operations of their will were supposed to determine, or at any rate to influence, the phenomenal world. Man sought to alter the disposition of these gods in his own favor by means of magic and prayer. The idea of God in the religions taught at present is a sublimation of that old concept of the gods. Its anthropomorphic character is shown, for instance, by the fact that men appeal to the Divine Being in prayers and plead for the fulfillment of their wishes.
Nobody, certainly, will deny that the idea of the existence of an omnipotent, just, and omnibeneficent personal God is able to accord man solace, help, and guidance; also, by virtue of its simplicity it is accessible to the most undeveloped mind. But, on the other hand, there are decisive weaknesses attached to this idea in itself, which have been painfully felt since the beginning of history. That is, if this being is omnipotent, then every occurrence, including every human action, every human thought, and every human feeling and aspiration is also His work; how is it possible to think of holding men responsible for their deeds and thoughts before such an almighty Being? In giving out punishment and rewards He would to a certain extent be passing judgment on Himself. How can this be combined with the goodness and righteousness ascribed to Him?
The main source of the present-day conflicts between the spheres of religion and of science lies in this concept of a personal God. It is the aim of science to establish general rules which determine the reciprocal connection of objects and events in time and space. For these rules, or laws of nature, absolutely general validity is required–not proven. It is mainly a program, and faith in the possibility of its accomplishment in principle is only founded on partial successes. But hardly anyone could be found who would deny these partial successes and ascribe them to human self-deception. The fact that on the basis of such laws we are able to predict the temporal behavior of phenomena in certain domains with great precision and certainty is deeply embedded in the consciousness of the modern man, even though he may have grasped very little of the contents of those laws. He need only consider that planetary courses within the solar system may be calculated in advance with great exactitude on the basis of a limited number of simple laws. In a similar way, though not with the same precision, it is possible to calculate in advance the mode of operation of an electric motor, a transmission system, or of a wireless apparatus, even when dealing with a novel development.
To be sure, when the number of factors coming into play in a phenomenological complex is too large, scientific method in most cases fails us. One need only think of the weather, in which case prediction even for a few days ahead is impossible. Nevertheless no one doubts that we are confronted with a causal connection whose causal components are in the main known to us. Occurrences in this domain are beyond the reach of exact prediction because of the variety of factors in operation, not because of any lack of order in nature.
We have penetrated far less deeply into the regularities obtaining within the realm of living things, but deeply enough nevertheless to sense at least the rule of fixed necessity. One need only think of the systematic order in heredity, and in the effect of poisons, as for instance alcohol, on the behavior of organic beings. What is still lacking here is a grasp of connections of profound generality, but not a knowledge of order in itself.
The more a man is imbued with the ordered regularity of all events the firmer becomes his conviction that there is no room left by the side of this ordered regularity for causes of a different nature. For him neither the rule of human nor the rule of divine will exists as an independent cause of natural events. To be sure, the doctrine of a personal God interfering with natural events could never be refuted, in the real sense, by science, for this doctrine can always take refuge in those domains in which scientific knowledge has not yet been able to set foot.
But I am persuaded that such behavior on the part of the representatives of religion would not only be unworthy but also fatal. For a doctrine which is able to maintain itself not in clear light but only in the dark, will of necessity lose its effect on mankind, with incalculable harm to human progress. In their struggle for the ethical good, teachers of religion must have the stature to give up the doctrine of a personal God, that is, give up that source of fear and hope which in the past placed such vast power in the hands of priests. In their labors they will have to avail themselves of those forces which are capable of cultivating the Good, the True, and the Beautiful in humanity itself. This is, to be sure, a more difficult but an incomparably more worthy task. (This thought is convincingly presented in Herbert Samuel’s book, Belief and Action.) After religious teachers accomplish the refining process indicated they will surely recognize with joy that true religion has been ennobled and made more profound by scientific knowledge.
If it is one of the goals of religion to liberate mankind as far as possible from the bondage of egocentric cravings, desires, and fears, scientific reasoning can aid religion in yet another sense. Although it is true that it is the goal of science to discover rules which permit the association and foretelling of facts, this is not its only aim. It also seeks to reduce the connections discovered to the smallest possible number of mutually independent conceptual elements. It is in this striving after the rational unification of the manifold that it encounters its greatest successes, even though it is precisely this attempt which causes it to run the greatest risk of falling a prey to illusions. But whoever has undergone the intense experience of successful advances made in this domain is moved by profound reverence for the rationality made manifest in existence. By way of the understanding he achieves a far-reaching emancipation from the shackles of personal hopes and desires, and thereby attains that humble attitude of mind toward the grandeur of reason incarnate in existence, and which, in its profoundest depths, is inaccessible to man. This attitude, however, appears to me to be religious, in the highest sense of the word. And so it seems to me that science not only purifies the religious impulse of the dross of its anthropomorphism but also contributes to a religious spiritualization of our understanding of life.
The further the spiritual evolution of mankind advances, the more certain it seems to me that the path to genuine religiosity does not lie through the fear of life, and the fear of death, and blind faith, but through striving after rational knowledge. In this sense I believe that the priest must become a teacher if he wishes to do justice to his lofty educational mission.
Religion and Science: Irreconcilable?
A response to a greeting sent by the Liberal Ministers’ Club of New York City. Published in The Christian Register, June, 1948. Published in Ideas and Opinions, Crown Publishers, Inc., New York, 1954.
Does there truly exist an insuperable contradiction between religion and science? Can religion be superseded by science? The answers to these questions have, for centuries, given rise to considerable dispute and, indeed, bitter fighting. Yet, in my own mind there can be no doubt that in both cases a dispassionate consideration can only lead to a negative answer. What complicates the solution, however, is the fact that while most people readily agree on what is meant by “science,” they are likely to differ on the meaning of “religion.”
As to science, we may well define it for our purpose as “methodical thinking directed toward finding regulative connections between our sensual experiences.” Science, in the immediate, produces knowledge and, indirectly, means of action. It leads to methodical action if definite goals are set up in advance. For the function of setting up goals and passing statements of value transcends its domain. While it is true that science, to the extent of its grasp of causative connections, may reach important conclusions as to the compatibility and incompatibility of goals and evaluations, the independent and fundamental definitions regarding goals and values remain beyond science’s reach.
As regards religion, on the other hand, one is generally agreed that it deals with goals and evaluations and, in general, with the emotional foundation of human thinking and acting, as far as these are not predetermined by the inalterable hereditary disposition of the human species. Religion is concerned with man’s attitude toward nature at large, with the establishing of ideals for the individual and communal life, and with mutual human relationship. These ideals religion attempts to attain by exerting an educational influence on tradition and through the development and promulgation of certain easily accessible thoughts and narratives (epics and myths) which are apt to influence evaluation and action along the lines of the accepted ideals.
It is this mythical, or rather this symbolic, content of the religious traditions which is likely to come into conflict with science. This occurs whenever this religious stock of ideas contains dogmatically fixed statements on subjects which belong in the domain of science. Thus, it is of vital importance for the preservation of true religion that such conflicts be avoided when they arise from subjects which, in fact, are not really essential for the pursuance of the religious aims.
When we consider the various existing religions as to their essential substance, that is, divested of their myths, they do not seem to me to differ as basically from each other as the proponents of the “relativistic” or conventional theory wish us to believe. And this is by no means surprising. For the moral attitudes of a people that is supported by religion need always aim at preserving and promoting the sanity and vitality of the community and its individuals, since otherwise this community is bound to perish. A people that were to honor falsehood, defamation, fraud, and murder would be unable, indeed, to subsist for very long.
When confronted with a specific case, however, it is no easy task to determine clearly what is desirable and what should be eschewed, just as we find it difficult to decide what exactly it is that makes good painting or good music. It is something that may be felt intuitively more easily than rationally comprehended. Likewise, the great moral teachers of humanity were, in a way, artistic geniuses in the art of living. In addition to the most elementary precepts directly motivated by the preservation of life and the sparing of unnecessary suffering, there are others to which, although they are apparently not quite commensurable to the basic precepts, we nevertheless attach considerable imporcance. Should truth, for instance, be sought unconditionally even where its attainment and its accessibility to all would entail heavy sacrifices in toil and happiness? There are many such questions which, from a rational vantage point, cannot easily be answered or cannot be answered at all. Yet, I do not think that the so-called “relativistic” viewpoint is correct, not even when dealing with the more subtle moral decisions.
When considering the actual living conditions of presentday civilized humanity from the standpoint of even the most elementary religious commands, one is bound to experience a feeling of deep and painful disappointment at what one sees. For while religion prescribes brotherly love in the relations among the individuals and groups, the actual spectacle more resembles a battlefield than an orchestra. Everywhere, in economic as well as in political life, the guiding principle is one of ruthless striving for success at the expense of one’s fellow. men. This competitive spirit prevails even in school and, destroying all feelings of human fraternity and cooperation, conceives of achievement not as derived from the love for productive and thoughtful work, but as springing from personal ambition and fear of rejection.
There are pessimists who hold that such a state of affairs is necessarily inherent in human nature; it is those who propound such views that are the enemies of true religion, for they imply thereby that religious teachings are utopian ideals and unsuited to afford guidance in human affairs. The study of the social patterns in certain so-called primitive cultures, however, seems to have made it sufficiently evident that such a defeatist view is wholly unwarranted. Whoever is concerned with this problem, a crucial one in the study of religion as such, is advised to read the description of the Pueblo Indians in Ruth Benedict’s book, Patterns of Culture. Under the hardest living conditions, this tribe has apparently accomplished the difficult task of delivering its people from the scourge of competitive spirit and of fostering in it a temperate, cooperative conduct of life, free of external pressure and without any curtailment of happiness.
The interpretation of religion, as here advanced, implies a dependence of science on the religious attitude, a relation which, in our predominantly materialistic age, is only too easily overlooked. While it is true that scientific results are entirely independent from religious or moral considerations, those individuals to whom we owe the great creative achievements of science were all of them imbued with the truly religious conviction that this universe of ours is something perfect and susceptible to the rational striving for knowledge. If this conviction had not been a strongly emotional one and if those searching for knowledge had not been inspired by Spinoza’s Amor Dei Intellectualis, they would hardly have been capable of that untiring devotion which alone enables man to attain his greatest achievements.
- All Posts (878)
- Are We doomed? (139)
- Artificial Intelligence (107)
- Contemporary Society Problems (145)
- Economics and Politics (164)
- Happiness and Quality of Life (84)
- Human Evolution (177)
- Inequality and Social Justice (15)
- Scientific Publications, Abstracts & URL's (91)
- Understand and Manage Ourselves (204)
- Values and Sense of Life (111)
- December 2016 (1)
- November 2016 (4)
- October 2016 (3)
- September 2016 (2)
- August 2016 (10)
- July 2016 (8)
- June 2016 (6)
- May 2016 (6)
- April 2016 (5)
- March 2016 (101)
- February 2016 (6)
- January 2016 (14)
- December 2015 (12)
- November 2015 (37)
- October 2015 (9)
- September 2015 (8)
- August 2015 (13)
- July 2015 (8)
- June 2015 (5)
- May 2015 (8)
- April 2015 (10)
- March 2015 (14)
- February 2015 (17)
- January 2015 (20)
- December 2014 (19)
- November 2014 (16)
- October 2014 (16)
- September 2014 (13)
- August 2014 (8)
- July 2014 (5)
- June 2014 (11)
- May 2014 (13)
- April 2014 (9)
- March 2014 (8)
- February 2014 (15)
- January 2014 (5)
- December 2013 (12)
- November 2013 (22)
- October 2013 (23)
- September 2013 (13)
- August 2013 (9)
- July 2013 (13)
- June 2013 (13)
- May 2013 (11)
- April 2013 (8)
- March 2013 (10)
- February 2013 (17)
- January 2013 (34)
- December 2012 (28)
- November 2012 (26)
- October 2012 (34)
- September 2012 (39)
- August 2012 (59)
- July 2012 (17)
- June 2012 (46)
- May 2012 (12)
- April 2012 (12)
- March 2012 (12)
- February 2012 (20)
- January 2012 (25)
- December 2011 (29)
- November 2011 (14)
- October 2011 (12)
- September 2011 (25)
Basic Rules in Short
“There is nobody in this country who got rich on his own. Nobody.” — Elizabeth Warren
Every man is a creature of the age in which he lives. Very few are able to raise above the ideas of the time. Voltaire.
Mūsu evolūcijas mantojums ir dārgumu krātuve, kur virspusē guļ nederīgais, nepiemērotais un kaitīgais, kurš jāierobežo un jāveido, bet, dziļāk ielūkojoties, katrs var atrast balvas un vērtības, kas ļauj dzīvot izcili un piepildīti. I. V.
The deterioration of every government begins with the decay of the principles on which it was founded.”
Montesquieu, (Charles Louis de Secondat) (1689-1755)
I do not know with what weapons World War III will be fought, but World War IV will be fought with sticks and stones. Albert Einstein
Mēs esam kā ceļinieki, kuriem svešinieks ir iedevis līdzšinējā ceļa aprakstu, bet nav iedevis tā ceļa aprakstu, pa kuru jāiet, lai nokļūtu pie mērķa. I. V.
The aim of science is to make difficult things understandable in a simpler way. The aim of poetry is to state simple things in an incomprehensible way.
“I do not feel obliged to believe that the same God who has endowed us with sense, reason and intellect, has intended us to forego their use”. Galileo (1584-1682).
“Facts do not cease to exist because they are ignored. ”
“It is the nature of human species to reject what is true but unpleasant but to embrace what is obviously false but comforting.” H.L. Mencken.
Eric Sevareid’s Law: “The chief source of problems is solutions”.
“What is lacking is not sufficient knowledge of the solution, but universal consciousness of the gravity of the problem and the education of the billions who are its victims.“
Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.
The greatest shortcoming of human race is our inability to understand the simple arithmetic. Albert Bartlett
Thinking is very upsetting, it tells us things we should rather not know.
“Giving society cheap, abundant energy . . . would be the equivalent of giving an idiot child a machine gun.”
~ Paul Ehrlich
“That which can be asserted without evidence, can be dismissed without evidence.” ― Christopher Hitchens
Ignorance is nothing to be ashamed of, and thinking and learning cures the problem of ignorance.
In contrast stupidity is forever, and being stupid implies wanting to remain ignorant. Lawrence B. Crowell
The whole problem with the world is that fools and fanatics are always so certain of themselves, and wiser people so full of doubts.
— Bertrand Russell
The majority of people are idiots, and because of this the few can control them. LC
For me, it is far better to grasp the Universe as it really is than to persist in delusion, however satisfying and reassuring.
Where a drunken person drinks in order to be happy, who can deny that such a person is happy when drunk? But the happiness can become a crutch and can be unhealthy in the long run. The happiness is only apparent and not real. Leyton M
If you look at the work of the ethologists (people who study animal behaviour) the most striking result to me is that all species develop behaviour patterns appropriate to their life styles and evolutionary niches in which they evolve.
I would suppose that this applies also to that degraded animal species, Homo sapiens. Sydney
“To most of us nothing is so invisible as an unpleasant truth. Though it is held before our eyes, pushed under our noses, rammed down our throats – we know it not.” Eric Hoffer
At the heart of science is an essential balance between two seemingly contradictory attitudes:
- an openness to new ideas, no matter how bizarre or counterintuitive, and
- the most ruthlessly skeptical scrutiny of all ideas, old and new.
This is how deep truths are winnowed from deep nonsense.
“Anyone who thinks that an economy can be expanded forever, within the confines of a finite planet, is either a madman or an economist”. ~ Kenneth Boulding.
Lai valdītu pār citiem, jāvalda pār sevi.
Pilnīgi un daudzpusīgi dzīvi izdzīvo vien tas, kurš dedzīgi ļaujas acumirklim un izdzīvo to tā, it kā tas būtu pēdējais.
Jo mazāk zina, jo vienkāršāk dzīvot. Zināšanas dara brīvu, bet nelaimīgu.
Īstenībā tas taču ir kauns, ka staigā pa zemi un par to gandrīz nekā nezina. Daudz lielāks kauns, ja vispār nezina, kādēļ staigā pa zemes virsu. E. M. Remarks
We have got rid of the fetish of the divine right of kings, and that slavery is of divine origin and outhority. But the divine right of property has taken its place. The tendency plainly is towards…’a government of the rich, by the rich and for the rich’.
Rutherford Birchard Hayes, US Prezident 1822-1893.
Neticiet tam, kas rakstīts senos manuskriptos, neticiet tam, kas paziņots par pareizu valstī, kurā jūs dzīvojat, neticiet tam, kas jums mācīts bērnībā, bet izdomājiet paši, kas ir patiess, un pēc tam, kad jūs esat par to pārliecinājies, ticiet tam, dzīvojiet saskaņā ar to, un palīdziet citiem ar to dzīvot.
Politika – tā ir nozare, kurā nepieņem lēmumus, kas balstās uz faktiem, bet runā par faktiem, kas balstās uz lēmumiem.
Liela daļa cilvēces vēstures pildīta ar cīņu par cilvēka tiesībām. Tā ir mūžīga cīņa, kurā pilnīga uzvara nav iespējama. Bet šīs cīņas atmešana nozīmē cilvēku sabiedrības sabrukumu.
Mūsdienu cilvēces problēmas nevar atrisināt ar to domāšanu, kura šīs problēmas radīja. A. Einšteins
Ateists ir nožēlojams cilvēks, kurš nespēj ticēt lietām, kuras nevar pierādīt. Tādā veidā viņš ir atņēmis sev iespēju justies pārākam par citiem. Chaz Bufe
Kad tehnikas spēki pārspēj morālos, tad mēs nonākam pie vadāmām raķetēm un nevadāmiem cilvēkiem.
Martin Luther King
Ja meli ir pietiekoši lieli un tie tiek atkārtoti pietiekoši bieži, tos sāk uztvert kā patiesību.
Tie, kas turpina ticēt absurdajam, tie turpina rīkoties absurdi. Voltērs
Cilvēki domā, ka viņi ir brīvi, bet tā ir liela kļūda. Brīvi viņi ir tikai tajā dienā, kad vēl parlamentu. Pārējā laikā viņi ir vergi un nekas. Viņi izmanto īso brīvības brīdi, lai to pazaudētu. Un tas ir pelnīti. Ž.Ž. Ruso
98% cilvēku ir saprogrammēti zombēti automāti un tikai 2% tādu nav. Pie tam tie 98% runā par sevi tā, it kā viņi būtu tie 2%.
Neviens cilvēks nekļūst par muļķi, kamēr viņš uzdod jautājumus. Charles Steinmetz
Valodas ir spēles, kuras pie dažādiem noteikumiem tiek izspēlētas dažādās kultūrās, un tādēļ kopēju, universālu izpratni iegūt nav iespējams. L Vitgenšteins.
Smieties bieži un daudz, iegūt inteliģentu cilvēku cieņu un bērnu mīlestību, iegūt godīgu kritiķu atzinību un paciest neīstu draugu nodevību, atstāt pasauli mazliet labāku nekā tā ir bijusi, vai nu veselīgā bērnā vai dārza stūrītī vai uzlabotā sabiedrībā. Zināt, ka cilvēki elpos brīvāk tādēļ, ka jūs esat dzīvojis – tas nozīmē, ka jums ir paveicies. Ralfs Waldo Emersons.
Ja kapitālisms ir vienlīdzīga bagātības sadale, tad sociālisms ir vienlīdzīga nabadzības sadale. Vinstons Čērčils.
Cilvēks, kurš gaida to dienu, sākot ar kuru viņš sāks dzīvot kārtīgi, ir līdzīgs zemniekam, kurš gaida, kamēr upe izžūs. Bet upe plūst un plūst. Horācijs.
Tas, kas cilvēkam netiek teikts, veido viņa pasaules uzskatu un iespaido viņa rīcību tāpat, kā tas, kas tiek teikts. To sauc par propagandu noklusējot. Tāpēc tik daudz pie mums ir slepens.
Charles Sullivan, ASV žurnālists.
Apziņa vai pat aizdomas, ka esi izdarījis kaut ko nepareizu, vajā un rada šausmas jebkuram cilvēkam, kurš sevi nav nocietinājis ar vienaldzību. Ādams Smits.
Tiem, kas nezina, kas ir mīlestība, nav vērts teikt – tāpat nesapratīs. Tiem, kas zina, kas mīlestība ir, arī nav vērts teikt, jo viņi to jau zina. Marlene Dietrich.
Acīmredzamus faktus visgrūtāk ir ieraudzīt pie sevis.
Ar apātiju pret politiku mēs maksājam ar to, ka valsti pārvalda negodīgi cilvēki. Platons.
Īsts džentlmenis izturas ar cieņu arī pret tiem, kas viņam nevar būt noderīgi. E.M. Remarque
Ārišķīgs lepnums un skaļa sava viedokļa aizstāvēšana liecina par iekšēju nedrošību par savu pozīciju.
Kas mēs esam? Ko mēs zinām? Ar nepilnīgām smadzenēm apveltīti radījumi, kas lūkojas Visuma bezgalībā. Radījumi ar eņģeļa spārniem un primātu instinktiem. Artūrs Konan-doils.
A few hours before Adolf Eichmann was executed, a prison warden asked him, “What should the Jews have done? How could they have resisted?”
Cilvēkiem, kuri tic alternatīvajai medicīnai, vajadzētu lidot lidmašīnās, kuras izstrādājuši fiziķi, kuri tic alternatīvajai fizikai. Terence Geogahegan
Ja cilvēki neprot pārvaldīt paši savu dzīvi, tad vēl jo mazāk viņiem var uzticēt vadīt citu dzīves. Thomas Jefferson
Gudri cilvēki šīs vienkāršās patiesības ierakstīja Neatkarības deklarācijā, bet, ja nākotnē kādi cilvēki vai grupas paziņos, ka tikai bagātiem ir pieejama dzīve, brīvība un laime, tad viņu pēcnācējiem jāielūkojoas Neatkarības Deklarācijā un jāatrod sevī drosme atjaunot cīņu, kuru uzsāka viņu tēvi.
Cilvēki, kuri nevar apmaksāt savus rēķinus, saņemt medicīnisko palīdzību un pabarot savus bērnus, daudz nerūpējas par apkārtējās vides un citiem globāliem jautājumiem. Lūk, tādēļ nav iespējams atdalīt sociālā taisnīguma un bagātību sadales jautājumus no apkārtējās vides saudzēšanas jautājumiem. Bob Zanelli
Cilvēku esības traģika nav meklējama nelaimēs. Tā ir ieraugāma mūsu nolemtībā. Nolemtībā būt lielo likumu izpildītājiem. Garret Hardin.
Cilvēks vēl joprojām savā ķermenī nes neizdzēšamu savas primitīvās izcelsmes zīmogu. Č. Darvins
Mūsu spēja sevi pārvaldīt atpaliek no mūsu spējas pārvaldīt Dabu. Mēs esam sarežģīta civilizācija. Mēs varam sagraut šo civilizāciju, ja mēs nespēsim pārvaldīt sevi. Dž. Soross.
Everything can be taken from a man but one thing, the last of human freedoms – to choose one’s attitude in any given set of circumstances. Victor Frankl
If ideal objectivity is impossible, failing to strive for it is nonetheless scientific suicide. Norman Levitt.
“Imagination is more important than knowledge. Knowledge is limited. Imagination encircles the world.” A. Einstein
History is the long and tragic story of the fact that priviliged groups seldom give up their privileges voluntarily.
Martin Luther King.
Ticiet saviem sapņiem. Cilvēki, kuri noniecina citu sapņus, savējos ir pazaudējuši. E.M. Remarks
Reliģija bez zinātnes ir akla, bet zinātne bez reliģijas ir mazefektīva. A. Einšteins.
No laimīgas dzīves mūs attālina divas kļūdas:
- tad, kad mūsu dzīvē nepieciešamas lielas izmaiņas, mēs izdarām mazas;
- tad, kad mūsu dzīvē nepieciešamas mazas izmaiņas, mēs tās nedarām, jo domājam, ka vajadzīgas lielas.
Spēja nebūt pretrunā ir laimes priekšnoteikums.
No attāluma jebkurš ceļš šķiet gluds.
Treniņi un fiziska piepūle neprasa laiku. Tie dod mums papildus laiku.
Demokrātija ir nezinoša indivīda ticība kolektīvai zināšanai.
Doma, ka cilvēki atteiksies no irracionāliem priekšstatiem, ja tos konfrontēs ar neapgāžamiem faktiem, ir irracionāls priekšstats, kuru neapstiprina neapgāžami fakti. George Lakoff
Haoss ir tāda sakārtotība, kas rada apjukumu mūsu apziņā.
Mīlestībā abi domā, ka viņiem ir paveicies.
Lai saņemtu kādus labumus nepelnīti, vajadzīgi saprāts un izglītība. Bez tiem cilvēki turpina tiekties un ilgoties pēc šiem nepelnītajiem labumiem un to saņemšana un uzkrāšana nekad nedod piepildījumu. Plutarhs.
Ar vēlēšanām elite dod cilvēkiem iespēju balsot. Nelaime ir tā, ka tas ļauj viņiem domāt, ka viņi pieņem lēmumus.
I care not how affluent some may be, provided that none be miserable in consequence of it. —Thomas Paine, 1796
Freedom is the right not to lie. Albert Camus
We must not say every mistake is a foolish one. – Cicero
It’s always helpful to learn from your mistakes because then your mistakes seem worthwhile. – Garry Marshall
While one person hesitates because he feels inferior, the other is busy making mistakes and becoming superior. –
Henry C. Link
Experience is that marvelous thing that enables you to recognize a mistake when you make it again. – Franklin P. Jones
To avoid situations in which you might make mistakes may be the biggest mistake of all. – Peter McWilliams
Mistakes are part of the dues one pays for a full life. –
A life spent making mistakes is not only more honorable, but more useful than a life spent doing nothing. –
George Bernard Shaw
A man’s mistakes are his portals of discovery. – James Joyce
Experience is the name everyone gives to their mistakes.
– Oscar Wilde
Mistakes, obviously, show us what needs improving. Without mistakes, how would we know what we had to work on?
– Peter McWilliams
Creativity is allowing yourself to make mistakes. Art is knowing which ones to keep. – Scott Adams
Success seems to be connected with action. Successful people keep moving. They make mistakes, but they don’t quit.
– Conrad Hilton
Anyone who has never made a mistake has never tried anything new. – Albert Einstein
All men make mistakes, but only wise men learn from their mistakes. – Winston Churchill
Take chances, make mistakes. That’s how you grow. Pain nourishes your courage. You have to fail in order to practice being brave.
– Mary Tyler Moore
There are no mistakes. The events we bring upon ourselves, no matter how unpleasant, are necessary in order to learn what we need to learn; whatever steps we take, they’re necessary to reach the places we’ve chosen to go. – Richard Bach
The only real mistake is the one from which we learn nothing.
– John Powell
If you have made mistakes, there is always another chance for you. You may have a fresh start any moment you choose, for this thing we call ‘failure’ is not the falling down, but the staying down. – Mary Pickford
Fall down seven times, stand up eight. – Chinese proverb
Without music, life would be a mistake. – Friedrich Nietzsche
The only man who never makes a mistake is the man who never does anything. – Theodore Roosevelt
Never interrupt your enemy when he is making a mistake. Napoleon Bonaparte
Never attribute to malice what can be explained by stupidity.
Evolution is almost universally accepted among those who understand it, almost universally rejected by those who don't. Richard Dawkins
Svētīgi tie garā vājie kā rasotas pļavas miglotiem prātiem,
Jo tiem ir dots savu vājumu neapzināties.
Tad, kad mēs iemācīsimies redzēt, kā darbojas mūsu smadzenes, tad sāksim sevi saprast.
Tad, kad mēs iemācīsimies saprast citus, tad iegūsim mieru.
Tad, kad iemācīsimies patiesīgumu pret sevi, tad sāksim dzīvot.
Līdz pirmajam jādzīvo ilgi. Otro vairākums iegūst ar sevis maldināšanu. Priekš trešā vajadzīga drosme. I.V.
Ja savas kļūdas neredz, tā ir cilvēcīguma pazīme.
Ja savas kļūdas nelabo, tā ir vājuma pazīme.
Ja savas kļūdas noliedz, tā ir muļķības pazīme. I.V.
Indeed, I tremble for my planet, when I reflect that Nature is inflexible: that her response to our abuse cannot sleep forever.
If we don’t halt population growth with justice and compassion, it will be done for us by nature, brutally and without pity — and we will leave a ravaged world.
Dr. Henry W. Kendall, Nobel Laureate
No one in their right mind would let a first-century dentist fill their children’s teeth. Why, then, do we allow first-century theologians to fill our children’s minds?” Michael Dowd
Older people can see the injustice with more understanding and compassion. Laura Carstensen
Excessive Privilege should never be due merely to the luck of birth, nor should it ever be excessive even when earned.
Humanity today is like a waking dreamer, caught between the fantasies of sleep and the chaos of the real world. We have created Star Wars civilization, with stone age emotions, medieval institutions and godlike technology. We are terribly confused by the mere fact of our existence, and a danger to ourselves and to the rest of life.
Edward Osborn Wilson
If thou wilt make a man happy, add not unto his riches but take away from his desires. Epicurus
Turn every challenge into an opportunity, because opportunities open up for the prepared.
The Law, in its majestic equality, forbids the rich, as well as the poor, to sleep under the bridges, to beg in the streets, and to steal bread. Anatole France
Psychopath is someone who wants to do whatever he wants without concern for the consequences for others, and who strongly resents any restraint. kerry
Philosophy of science is about as useful to scientists as ornithology is to birds. Richard Feynman
More discoveries come from finding out that you're wrong than from finding out that you're right. Ian Linnell
"The old scientific ideal of episteme - of absolutely certain, demonstrable knowledge - has proved to be an idol. The demand for scientific objectivity makes it inevitable that every scientific statement must remain tentative for ever. It may indeed be corroborated, but every corroboration is relative to other statements which, again, are tentative. Only in our subjective experiences of conviction, in our subjective faith, can we be 'absolutely certain.'"
- The Logic of Scientific Discovery, 1934, 1959
Faith is believing what you know isn't true.
If you can't explain it simply, you don't understand it well enough."
We can easily forgive a child who is afraid of the dark;
the real tragedy of life is when men are afraid of the light.
"You can never cross the ocean until you have the courage to lose sight of the shore." Christopher Columbus
"We are a way for the Universe to know itself". Carl Sagan
"Labor is prior to, and independent of, capital. Capital is only the fruit of labor, and could never have existed if labor had not first existed. Labor is the superior of capital, and deserves much higher consideration." --Abraham Lincoln
The most honorable way a scientist can make his contribution to human progress is to distribute knowledge. For free. I.V.
First love is a kind of vaccination which saves a man from catching the complaint the second time. - Honore de Balzac
College is a place where professor's lecture notes go straight to the student's lecture notes, without passing through the brains of either. Mark Twain
The mind is not a vessel that needs filling, but wood that needs igniting. Plutarch
To say that God did it is not to explain anything, but simply to offer an excuse for not having an explanation. (Plato, Cratylus)
The price of knowledge is eternal skepticism. Justen Robertson
If you can't measure it, it doesn't exist.
If you can't reproduce it, you don't understand it.
Power derives from force or the threat of force. Authority is the likelihood that a command, once given, will be obeyed.
If you break the laws of logic or probability theory you decrease your chances of arriving at true beliefs, and if you break the laws of decision theory then you decrease your chances of achieving your goals. Luke Muehlhauser
Give a child religion first, and she may find it hard to shake even when she encounters science.
Give a child science first, and when she discovers religion it will look silly. Luke Muehlhauser
We can easily forgive a child who is afraid of the dark;
the real tragedy of life is when men are afraid of the light.
"I see in the near future a crisis approaching that unnerves me and causes me to tremble for the safety of my country. . . . corporations have been enthroned and an era of corruption in high places will follow, and the money power of the country will endeavor to prolong its reign by working upon the prejudices of the people until all wealth is aggregated in a few hands and the Republic is destroyed."
-- U.S. President Abraham Lincoln, Nov. 21, 1864
"Human beings function better if they are deceived by their genes into thinking that there is a disinterested objective morality binding upon them, which all should obey."
--E. O. Wilson
"My propositions serve as elucidations in the following way: anyone who understands me eventually recognizes them as nonsensical."
"Act only on that maxim by which you can at the same time will that it should become a universal law."
"Man when perfected is the best of animals, but when separated from law and justice he is the worst of all."
"I do not fear death, in view of the fact that I had been dead for billions and billions of years before I was born, and had not suffered the slightest inconvenience from it."'
--- Mark Twain
Not only will men of science have to grapple with the sciences that deal with man, but -- and this is a far more difficult matter -- they will have to persuade the world to listen to what they have discovered. If they cannot succeed in this difficult enterprise, man will destroy himself by his halfway cleverness.
~ Bertrand Russell, 1951
"Great understanding is broad and unhurried; little understanding is cramped and busy." Chang Tzu
“The art of progress is to preserve order amid change and to preserve change amid order.”
— Alfred North Whitehead
For any belief, it is always possible to come up with a seemingly unlimited amount of supporting evidence.
David P. Barash
Science deals with facts discovered by observation and experimentation. Philosophy deals with beliefs derived by inference from facts.
We owe respect to the living. To the dead we owe only truth.
Dreams are illustrations from the book your soul is writing about you. Mascha Normann
You are what you do, not what you say.
"Of all things, good sense is the most fairly distributed: everyone thinks he is so well supplied with it that even those who are the hardest to satisfy in every other respect never desire more of it than they already have."
René Descartes, Discourse on Method, 1637
If the writing is honest it cannot be separated from the man who wrote it. Tennessee Williams
You don’t really understand how something works until you can reproduce it yourself.
“The greatest obstacle to discovery is not ignorance-it is the illusion of knowledge.” -Daniel Boorstin
"...be careful what you wish for, you might get it..."
If there is any inconsistency in a set of axioms then every statement can be proved (and disproved), and nothing of any value remains. Chaitin, G.
Sorrow is how we learn to love. Your heart isn't breaking. It hurts because it's getting larger. The larger it gets, the more love it holds. Rita Mae Brown
A self is not something static, tied up in a pretty parcel and handed to the child, finished and complete. A self is always becoming. Madeleine L'Engle
People demand freedom of speech as a compensation for the freedom of thougt which they seldom use. Soren Kirkegaard
Most of the important things in the world have been accomplished by people who have kept on trying when there seemed to be no hope at all. Dale Carnegie
Education is not the learning of facts, but the traning of the mind to think. Albert Einstein.
To create, one must question everything. Eileen Gray.
Time is a great teacher, but unfortunately it kills all its pupils.
Louis Hector Berlioz.
Uz visu skatieties tā, it kā jūs to redzētu pirmo vai pēdējo reizi. Ar to jūs piepildīsiet savu laiku.
Everyone takes the limits of his own vision for the limits of the world. Arthur Schopenhauer.
Reason is, and ought only to be the slave of the passions, and can never pretend to any other office than to serve and obey them. David Hume
Mīlēt nozīmē riskēt, ka negūsi pretmīlestību. Cerēt nozīmē riskēt, ka vilsies. Cilvēks, kurš neriskē, neko nedara, neko nepieredz, viņam nepieder nekas, un viņš nav nekas. Viņš nespēj mācīties, mainīties, augt, mīlēt un dzīvot.
Es iešu caur dzīvi tikai vienreiz. Ja ir kāda laipnība, ko varu izrādīt, vai kāds labs darbs, ar ko varu kādam palīdzēt, tas jādara tagad. Jo pa šo ceļu man vairs nebūs lemts iet. Viljamss Penns.
Pasaulē nav vietas gļēvuļiem. Mums visiem ir jābūt gataviem strādāt, ciest un mirt. Tava dzīve nav mazāk cēla tikai tāpēc, ka tev pa priekšu neiet bundzinieks, kad dodies savās ikdienas cīņās, un tevi nesagaida gavilējošs pūlis, kad atgriezies ar uzvaru vai zaudējumu.
Roberts Lūiss Stīvensons.
Panākumi lielā mērā ir atkarīgi no tā, ka tu paliec un izturi tad, kad citi ir atmetuši ar roku. Viljams Peters
Būt gudram nozīmē saprast, cik kļūdaini ir mūsu uzskati un viedokļi, cik nenoteiktas un nestabilas ir vērtības, uz kurām mēs visvairāk paļaujamies. Džeralds Brenans
Tikai tas ir dižs, kas vientuļo vēja balsi pārvērš maigākajā dziesmā ar savu mīlestību. Kahlils Gibrāns
Nav iespējams liels talants bez liela gribasspēka. Onorē De Balzaks
Nežēlo laiku draudzībai - tas ir ceļš uz laimi.
Nežēlo laiku sapņiem - tie aizvedīs tavu kuģi līdz zvaigznēm.
Nežēlo laiku, lai sniegtu un saņemtu mīlestību - tā ir dievu privilēģija.
Nežēlo laiku, lai palūkotos apkārt - diena ir pārāk īsa, lai tu būtu savtīgs.
Nežēlo laiku smiekliem - tā ir dvēseles mūzika.
Mācies no pagātnes, lai mūža galā nebūtu jāsecina, ka tu nemaz neesi dzīvojis. Jo daudzi nonāk līdz brīdim, kad jāpamet sava vieta uz zemes, un, atskatoties atpakaļ, viņi redz prieku un skaistumu, kas tā arī viņiem nepiederēja, jo viņi dzīvoja bailēs. Klervotera
Nesteidzies, neraizējies. Tu esi ieradies tikai uz īsu brīdi. Tāpēc noteikti apstājies un pasmaržo ziedus. Volters Hāgens
Kad es piedzīvoju ārkārtīgi grūtu laiku, kāds man piezvanīja un automātiskajā atbildētājā bija dzirdams, ka viņš spēlāja klavieres.
Bet es tā arī neuzzināju, kurš tas bija.
Mums vajadzētu atcerēties, ka neesam vienīgie, kas reizēm nonāk šķietamā strupceļā. Jau tūkstoši pirms mums ir sastapušies ar līdzīgu likteni un uzvarējuši. Dr. R. Brašs
Mēs visi un ikviens no mums cieš sakāvi neskaitāmas reizes. Ja pieņemam zaudējumu ar gaišu prātu un no tā mācāmies un meklējam citu ceļu - rodam piepildījumu.
Rozanna Ambroza Brauna.
Laime ir kā smaržas, ko tu nevari uzliet citiem, pāris pilienu neuzpilinot arī sev. Ralfs Valdo Emersons.
Nav nepiepildāmu sapņu, ir tikai mūsu ierobežotā uztvere par to, kas ir iespējams. Beta Mende Konija
Vai tu domā, ka vari, vai domā, ka nevari - tev ir taisnība!
Labākā izeja no grūtībām ved cauri grūtībām. Roberts Frosts
Dzīve prasa tikai to spēku, kāds tev ir. Ir jāpaveic tikai viens varoņdarbs - tu nedrīksti bēgt. Dāgs Hammerskjelds
Mums pietiek cilvēku, kas mums stāsta, kā ir. Tagad mums noderētu kāds, kas pateiktu, kā varētu būt. Roberts Orbens
Mūsu pienākums ir veidot savu raksturu. Mūsu dižais un brīnišķais mākslas darbs ir piedienīga dzīve. Viss pārējais labākā gadījumā ir tikai piedevas un atbalsts. Mišels de Montēns
Senā laime ir novītusi un mirusi. Bet, raugi, jauns zaļums rotā zemi...
Trauslais jaunas un labākas dzīves iesākums. Pema Brauna
Nemeklē atbildes, kuras tev nav iespējams dot, jo tu nespētu ar tām dzīvot. Galvenais ir visu izdzīvot. Pēc tam tu pamazām, to pat nemanot, nodzīvosi līdz dienai, kad saņemsi atbildi.
Rainers Marija Rilke
Stabilitāte nāk no iekšienes, nevis no ārpuses. Lusila Kliftone
Cerība ir radījums ar spārniem, kas ligzdo mūsu dvēselē, dzied dziesmu bez vārdiem un nekad nenorimst. Emīlija Dikinsone
Arī šis mirklis paies. Klēra Reinere.
Kad tu esi gājis tik tālu, ka nevari paspert vairs nevienu soli, tad tu esi nogājis tieši pusi no attāluma, ko spēj noiet.
Remember: the time you feel lonely is the time you most need to be by yourself. Life's cruelest irony. Douglas Coupland
Love is lak de sea. It’s uh movin’ thing, but still and all, it takes its shape from de shore it meets, and it’s different with every shore. Zora Neale Hurston
If the real world were a book, it would never find a publisher. Overlong, detailed to the point of distraction - and ultimately, without a major resolution. Jasper Fforde
Do not regret growing older. It is a privilege denied to many.
The time will come when, with elation, you will greet yourself arriving
at your own door, in your own mirror, and each will smile at the other’s welcome. Derek Walcott
Only a rule of skin in the game, that is, direct harm from one's errors, can puncture the game aspect of research and establish some form of contact with reality.
Nassim Nicholas Taleb, Distinguished Professor of Risk Engineering, NYU-Poly
For each of us comes a time when we must be more than what we are. Lloyd Alexander
There are in nature neither rewards nor punishments - there are only consequences.
Robert G. Ingersoll
"The fact that a believer is happier than a skeptic is no more to the point than the fact that a drunken man is happier than a sober one." ~ GEORGE BERNARD SHAW
Nobody ever figures out what life is all about, and it doesn't matter. Explore the world. Nearly everything is really interesting if you go into it deeply enough. Richard P. Feynman
Laws are the spider's webs which, if anything small falls into them they ensnare it, but large things break through and escape. -Solon
Worry never robs tomorrow of its sorrow, but only saps today of its strength. A.J. Cronin
Keep your eyes on the stars, and your feet on the ground. ” — Theodore Roosevelt
‘One death is a tragedy, a million a statistic.’ Josef Stalin
I have just realized that the stakes are myself.
I have no other ransom money, nothing to break or barter but my life. Diane di Prima
We live at a time when emotions and feelings count more than truth, and there is a vast ignorance of science. James Lovelock
Champagne, if you are seeking the truth, is better than a lie detector. Graham Greene
Learning something new is always slower than actually doing something old. Pemberton
By sticking your head in the sand and refusing to acknowledge the problem, you are part of it.
Peace cannot be kept by force.
It can only be achieved through understanding.
To see what is in front of one's nose requires a constant struggle. G. Orwell.
Anyone can be a barbarian; it requires a terrible effort to remain a civilized man. Leonard Woolf
When we killed--or exiled--God, we also killed ourselves.... No God, no afterlife, no us. We were right to kill Him, of course, this long-standing imaginary friend of ours. And we weren't going to get an afterlife anyway. But we sawed off the branch we were sitting on. And the view from there, from that height--even if it was only an illusion of a view--wasn't so bad.
All people are not people without other people.
We are a way of the cosmos to know itself.
It is easier to point the finger of blame at others than it is to find and implement solutions.
Whatever it is you're seeking won't come in the form you're expecting. Haruki Murakami
Visu mūsdienu sabiedrību traģika ir tā, ka mēs esam nolemti rīkoties saskaņā ar to nezināšanu, kāda mums ir. Tāpēc arī civilizācijas iet bojā.
Insincerity is a special kind of dishonesty. Jim Wyman
Reason exists for the sake of the emotions, not the other way around. David Hume
We do not see things as they are, we see them as we are. Saying of the cetics
A belief that cruelty and violence are needed to address cruelty and violence only perpetuates cruelty and violence. Christine Hansen
Before we can know what is moral, we must know what is true.
Under capitalism, man exploits man. Under communism, it's just the opposite.
John Kenneth Galbraith