On the reception and detection of pseudo-profound bullshit

“Although bullshit is common in everyday life and has attracted attention from philosophers, its reception (critical or ingenuous) has not, to our knowledge, been subject to empirical investigation. Here we focus on pseudo-profound bullshit, which consists of seemingly impressive assertions that are presented as true and meaningful but are actually vacuous. We presented participants with bullshit statements consisting of buzzwords randomly organized into statements with syntactic structure but no discernible meaning (e.g., “Wholeness quiets infinite phenomena”). Across multiple studies, the propensity to judge bullshit statements as profound was associated with a variety of conceptually relevant variables (e.g., intuitive cognitive style, supernatural belief). Parallel associations were less evident among profundity judgments for more conventionally profound (e.g., “A wet person does not fear the rain”) or mundane (e.g., “Newborn babies require constant attention”) statements. These results support the idea that some people are more receptive to this type of bullshit and that detecting it is not merely a matter of indiscriminate skepticism but rather a discernment of deceptive vagueness in otherwise impressive sounding claims. Our results also suggest that a bias toward accepting statements as true may be an important component of pseudo-profound bullshit receptivity.”
Paper pdf: http://journal.sjdm.org/15/15923a/jdm15923a.pdf

Piemērus katrs var atrast mūsu sabiedrībā. Vairumā. Rakstos, radio, TV. Kā filtrēt, kā novērtēt, kā zināt, kad mums tiek pasniegtas aplamības šķietamas patiesības mērcē? Kad runātājs aptuveni un miglaini zina, ko grib pateikt, bet neprot, nav mācīts, un nespēj. “Kad es sāku braukt, tad tas stabs tur nebija.”

Visu vērtēt, lietojot elementārās fizikas, matemātikas un domāšanas pamatprincipus. To ir vienkārši pateikt, bet nav vienkārši izdarīt, jo … mūsu skolās to vairs nemāca. Vai tiešām? Nu jau tu te pārspīlē. 

Paklausieties, kā viņi runā. Ooē, uū, ēeē, ‘es šeit negribu runāt par to, par ko es nerunāšu’, šis te, šos te, šiem te, … Gari, daudzvārdīgi, miglaini, neprecīzi, kroplīgi. Nožēlojami. Traģiski. Seneka ir teicis, ka neskaidra valoda liecina par neskaidru domāšanu. I.V. 

About basicrulesoflife

Year 1935. Interests: Contemporary society problems, quality of life, happiness, understanding and changing ourselves - everything based on scientific evidence. Artificial Intelligence Foundation Latvia, http://www.artificialintelligence.lv Editor.
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