Scientific Naturalism: A Manifesto for Enlightenment Humanism

ABSTRACT
The success of the Scientific Revolution led to the development of
the worldview of scientific naturalism, or the belief that the world
is governed by natural laws and forces that can be understood,
and that all phenomena are part of nature and can be explained
by natural causes, including human cognitive, moral and social
phenomena. The application of scientific naturalism in the human
realm led to the widespread adoption of Enlightenment humanism,
a cosmopolitan worldview that places supreme value on science
and reason, eschews the supernatural entirely and relies
exclusively on nature and nature’s laws, including human nature.

From scientific naturalism to Enlightenment humanism
Scientific naturalism is the principle that the world is governed by natural laws and forces
that can be understood, and that all phenomena are part of nature and can be explained by
natural causes, including human cognitive, moral and social phenomena. According to a
Google Ngram Viewer search, the term “scientific naturalism” first came into use in the
1820s, picked up momentum from the 1860s through the 1920s, then hit three peaks in
the 1930s, 1950s and early 2000s, where it is now established as a core component of
modern science. It incorporates methodological naturalism, the principle that the
methods of science operate under the presumption that the world and everything in it
is the result of natural processes in a system of material causes and effects that does not
allow, or need, the introduction of supernatural forces. “Methodological naturalism”
spiked dramatically in use in the mid-1990s and continues climbing into the 2000s,7
most likely the result of the rise in popularity (and polarization) of “scientific creationism”
and Intelligent Design Theory, the proponents of which complained that methodological
naturalism unfairly excludes their belief in what I have called methodological supernaturalism,  or the principle that supernatural intervention in the natural world may be invoked to explain any allegedly unexplained phenomena, such as the Big Bang, the fine-tuned cosmos, consciousness, morality, the eye, DNA and, notoriously, bacterial flagella.

More: http://www.skeptic.com/eskeptic/2017/images/17-07-19/Scientific-Naturalism-A-Manifesto-for-Enlightenment-Humanism.pdf?utm_source=eSkeptic&utm_campaign=700cec995f-EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_2017_07_17&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_8c0a740eb4-700cec995f-73433105&mc_cid=700cec995f&mc_eid=bcd2f472f8

 

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About basicrulesoflife

Year 1935. Interests: Contemporary society problems, quality of life, happiness, understanding and changing ourselves - everything based on scientific evidence. Artificial Intelligence Foundation Latvia, http://www.artificialintelligence.lv Editor.
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